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《2013年考研英语写作高分攻略》
 
 

 

《2013年考研英语写作高分攻略》节选:应用文写作
 

- 《2013年考研英语写作高分攻略》节选:应用文写作 -

来源: 川大文都金榜教育   

  虽然大纲中罗列了多种应用文类型,包括:投诉信,建议信,申请信,求职信,辞职信,求学信,求助信,感谢信,号召信,邀请信,道歉信,摘要,简历,备忘录,寻物启事,招领启事等,但是在具体的实践中,常常考到的是书信和摘要。尤其在近几年的考研中,应用文写作考的最多的就是书信体应用文。因此本章将详细讲解各类书信以及摘要的写作方法。

  第一节 书信写作总体概述

  一、首段的写作方法

  1.问候收信人

  Dear sir/madam

  2.解释写信的原因

  申请:I’m writing for an opportunity to work in your esteemed company that boasts of decades of reputation.

  邀请:I’m writing to request your attendance to a dinner party that is to be held in Beijing on August...,...

  感谢:I am writing to extend my heartfelt thanks(sincere gratitude) toward...

  投诉:I am writing to complain about the poor service (quality) of a product that I purchased from your store two weeks ago.

  祝贺:I am writing to extend my sincere greetings, wishing you a happy New Year, your career greater success and your family happiness.

  二、中间段的写作方法

  1.阅读题目要求,找到可以用到的名词或动词。

  【示例】Write a letter of application according to the following situation. You saw an advertisement in this morning’s newspaper. A company needs a secretary and you are interested. Write an application letter to that company.

  2. 注意题目文字暗示,把名词具体化,把动词近义词化。

  【示例】I am pleased to discover from Beijing Youth that company is calling for a secretary. I wonder if you could consider my application, for I am delighted to join your esteemed company. First, I can speak and write English fluently, which happens to apply for your current requirement for the vacancy. Second, I have a good command of Microsoft Office System, Graphic Design and ADOBE system. Third and last, I am always ready to help other people because I’m patient, enthusiastic and sincere. Given these consideration, I sincerely hope that I can be a contribution member of your esteemed company.

  三、结尾段的写作方法(三句话)

  【示例】I would appreciate your assistance in this matter. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact me. I can be reached at... Look forward to your reply.

  应用文写作六字决:

  1.开门见山说意图,2.信息要点覆盖到,3.举一反三讲细节,

  4.语言正式词多变,5.感谢客气不能少,6.期待回信成老套。


 
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